NSDL or National Securities Depository Limited is a financial institution that was established to keep securities like shares, bonds, etc in the shape of non-physical or physical certifications, that is in demat format. The securities are maintained in deposit accounts, which are similar to funds in bank accounts. It allows for quick securities transfer because ownership gets transferred merely by ledger entries. This is frequently done digitally, saving the extra time required in the previous practice of exchanging physical certificates once a deal was concluded. India’s capital market, which has been around for almost a century, has always been quite active. But, due to settlements that are based on paper, it had significant flaws such as poor delivery, prolonged transference execution, and so on. To address these concerns, the Depositories Act 1996 was enacted and went into effect on Sept 20, 1995. This legislation mandated the Security Depositories establishment in India to manage securities. Security is a financial asset that…
10 Real Estate Investing Terms To Understand Before Talking To An Agent
NOI what? Cap rate what? IRR what? These are real estate terms in India and globally. Are you already intimidated? The real estate sector is well-known for its usage of industry-specific jargon and real estate investing terminology and acronyms. If you're purchasing a property for the first time or just starting in real estate investing, you're likely to come across real estate lingo you've never heard of before. We have prepared the following glossary of real estate phrases to help you get up to speed quickly.
10 Real Estate Investing Terms To Understand
- Term#1-Capitalization Rate: Capitalization rate, or cap rate, is one of the basic terms in real estate. It is a term used to describe the yearly rate of return on a real estate investment based on the profit the property gets projected to create. It is the proportion of net operating income (NOI) to purchase price. The cap rate gets computed by dividing the first year’s net operating income (NOI) by the acquisition price of the property. NOI does not include loan charges if you used financing. Assume you pay Rs. 150,000 for a home. In the first year, the estimated NOI is Rs. 12,000
Rs. 12,000/Rs.150,000 = 0.08
Cap rate = 8%
- Term#2-Net Operating Income(NOI): Net operating income (NOI) is a metric of a real estate investment property’s profitability potential. It is determined by calculating the property’s revenue and deducting all running expenditures such as repairs, upkeep, property taxes, and HOA fees. Mortgage payments do not get included in the NOI. NOI allows you to analyze properties of all sorts without considering financing requirements. NOI is also necessary to compute the cap rate.
NOI = revenue minus all reasonably required operational expenditures.
- Term#3-Cash Flow: After all operational expenditures (including loan payments) have been paid, cash flow is the amount of money you have leftover at the end of each month. The cash flow will be positive if you spend less than you make. The cash flow will be negative if you spend more than you make.
Rent – all operational expenditures (including loan payments)= Cash flow.
One of the most enticing incentives to invest in real estate is the consistent monthly rental income. A cash-flow positive investment property is ideal. It implies that the rent is greater than the monthly mortgage payment, resulting in a steady source of passive income.
- Term#4- Capital Gains Tax: Capital Gains Tax is one of the crucial terms in real estate investing. The difference in the property’s value relative to its acquisition price is capital gain or loss. If a profit gets earned, it gets realized after the asset gets sold. A short-term capital gain is one year or less; a long-term capital gain is one year or more. These must be reported on your tax returns, although short-term capital gains get taxed at a higher rate than long-term capital gains. Learning how your real estate assets are taxed is critical if you want to maximize your performance and profits.
- Term#5- Internal Rate of Return(IRR): IRR is a popular real estate investing word that you will find while looking at rental properties or crowdfunding platforms. The internal rate of return (IRR) measures a property’s long-term profitability. It considers yearly net cash flow and equity change over time. The IRR is the best single estimate of your asset’s performance throughout the whole time you intend to retain it. It enables you to assess investments with varying cash flows or appreciation possibilities.
- Term#6-Grade A commercial real estate: Grade A is one of the few commercial real estate terms to know. These are the finest, highest-quality structures in their particular markets and neighborhoods. Professionals are in charge of these. They have notable architectures that adhere to the most recent design, efficiency, and standards. Thus, they often take center stage and draw public attention. These also tend to command the highest rates because of their low maintenance requirements and excellent facilities such as HVAC (Heating, Ventilation, and AC) and highly safe elevators, among other things. These get regarded as the top investment properties. Grade A buildings get located in metro cities, attract well-known corporations as tenants, and frequently compete for the largest corporations. Grade A buildings get designed to meet all of your needs. Thus, ATMs and other services get placed within the building complexes, and some even feature nurseries and children’s facilities for working parents. Grade A property owners in places like Mumbai, Delhi, and Hyderabad contemplate incorporating much-needed vegetation into their designs.
- Term#7-Leverage: Leverage is another real estate investing terminology. It is an investing strategy that involves employing borrowed money (loan capital, in general) without putting much of your own money at risk. Credits from financial institutions, money lenders, credit unions, and other financial institutions can get used to leveraging a property. For example, if your house is worth 20 lakhs, they may offer you a 15 lakh investment and want you to pay only the remaining five lakhs. As a result, the amount you have to pay gets reduced while the profits get maximized.
- Term#8-Valuation or Appraisal: An appraisal is one of the most critical real estate investing terms to know. It assesses property and establishes its best value. It is the process of determining the economic worth of a commercial real estate investment. During the due diligence phase, buyers conduct appraisals to determine whether or not the property is expensive. Banks, too, undertake appraisals before making loans to verify that they provide the proper amount of money. Property appraisals are crucial for a variety of reasons. No one wants to lose money when buying or selling commercial real estate. Sellers desire the best possible price. Similarly, sellers use appraisals to sell their homes at a price that optimizes their earnings while also guaranteeing that the property sells quickly. Buyers would not like to spend too much. Purchasers can receive an accurate evaluation. It assists customers in purchasing a home at a reasonable market value and avoiding overpaying for an item.
- Term#9- Gross Rent Multiplier (GRM): The Gross Rent Multiplier (GRM) is one of the real estate investing terms and definitions. It is the ratio between the purchase price of a real estate investment and the yearly rental revenue before expenditures such as property taxes, insurance, and utilities get deducted. For example, if the purchase price of the property is 40 lakhs and the yearly gross income is 5 lakhs, the GRM is 8. The gross rent multiplier is a method to get a glance at how quickly the property will be paid off based on the gross rent generated by the investment.
- Term#10-Leases: The contract that comes with the property has a significant impact on the property’s value in commercial real estate. The commercial real estate industry has two leases: gross leases and net leases. If you have a gross lease, the tenant pays a set rent and the landlord pays for the property’s running expenditures, such as insurance and repairs. When the rent gets fixed, residential buildings often employ gross leases for renters. In a net lease, the tenant pays a fixed amount for rent plus the running expenditures. These leases are widespread in retail and commercial buildings, sites where a tenant wants greater freedom and control over the property. Net leases are also more appealing to landlords since they provide a fixed monthly revenue without the risk of potential damage and maintenance.
Real estate investing may be expensive. However, if you do it correctly, you might earn a sizeable chunk of passive income from rental as the property appreciates. That is why it is critical to comprehend the main terminology of real estate investment. When you can confidently navigate the market, you’ll be well on your way to succeeding as a business owner and investor.
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FAQ'S On Real Estate Investment Terms
The most important thing in real estate is location. The maxim “location, location, location” is still true and remains the most crucial aspect of real estate investing performance. The proximity of facilities, open space, picturesque vistas, and the neighborhood’s prominence all play a significant role in property prices.
Investment property is real estate property purchased to make returns on investment in the form of rent, royalty, dividend, or prospective appreciation and is not the investor’s primary residence. These properties might be in the name of an individual investor, a group of investors, or an investment corporation, and they can be either short-term or long-term investments.